Muqaddimah Al-Ibar: Fitrah untuk bertamadun

Posted on March 24, 2011


Human civilization in general

First prefatory discussion

Human social organization is something necessary. The philosophers expressed this fact by saying: ‘Man is “political” by nature.’ That is he cannot do without the social organization for which the philosophers use the technical term ‘town’ (polis).

This is what civilization means. (The necessary character of human social organization or civilization) is explained by the fact that God created and fashioned man in a form that can live and subsist only with the help of food. He guided man to a natural desire for food and instilled in him the power that enables him to obtain it.

Thus, he cannot do without a combination of many powers from among his fellow beings, if he is to obtain food for himself and for them. Through cooperation, the needs of a number of persons, many times greater than their own number, can be satisfied.

(keratan buku Muqaddimah, karangan Ibn Khaldun)

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